Before we dive into the FITT principle and its application, it’s essential to understand diabetes and the unique challenges it presents. Diabetes is a chronic medical condition characterized by elevated blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) resulting from one of two primary factors:
- Type 1 Diabetes: Typically diagnosed in childhood or adolescence, Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This results in a lifelong dependence on insulin injections or an insulin pump.
- Type 2 Diabetes: This form of diabetes is more common and often associated with lifestyle factors, such as poor diet, sedentary behavior, and obesity. In Type 2 diabetes, the body either becomes resistant to insulin or doesn’t produce enough of it, leading to elevated blood sugar levels.
Regardless of the type, diabetes poses significant health risks, including heart disease, kidney problems, and nerve damage. Effective diabetes management encompasses various components, with exercise being a cornerstone.
The Role of Exercise in Diabetes Management
Physical activity offers a wide array of benefits for individuals with diabetes, including:
- Improved Insulin Sensitivity: Exercise helps the body use insulin more effectively, facilitating better blood sugar control.
- Blood Sugar Regulation: Regular exercise can lower blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of hyperglycemia.
- **Weight Management